Interior of a reconstructed Iroquoian longhouse. Research by the Dating Iroquoia Project in New York state and southern Canada is providing a new understanding of Iroquoian history and European contact. New research is producing a more accurate historical timeline for the occupation of Native American sites in upstate New York, based on radiocarbon dating of organic materials and statistical modeling. Using similar radiocarbon dating and statistical analysis methods, the findings also impacted timelines of Iroquoian history and European contact. The Mohawk and Hudson river valleys were key inland routes for Europeans entering the region from the coast in the 16th and early 17th centuries. Belying this Eurocentric colonial lens, trade practices differed from one native community to another, and not all of them accepted contact with, or goods from, European settlers.
Inaccuracies in radiocarbon dating -- ScienceDaily
Related to radiocarbon dating: Potassium argon dating. A form of radiometric dating used to determine the age of organic remains in ancient objects, such as archaeological specimens, on the basis of the half-life of carbon and a comparison between the ratio of carbon to carbon in a sample of the remains to the known ratio in living organisms. Also called carbon dating , carbon dating. All rights reserved. The 14 C decays to the nitrogen isotope 14 N with a half-life of years. Measurement of the amount of radioactive carbon remaining in the material thus gives an estimate of its age. Also called: carbon dating.
Using radiocarbon dating on metal found in Gothic cathedrals, an interdisciplinary team has shown, for the first time through absolute dating, that iron was used to reinforce stone from the construction phase. It will be published in the January issue of the Journal of Archaeological Science. This innovative method could improve understanding of medieval buildings in Europe, such as the Sainte-Chapelle, as well as in Asia, such as the temples of Angkor. Gothic architecture, which flourished from the middle of the twelfth century around Paris, included considerable amounts of iron or steel2 reinforcements, as shown by historical and archeological investigation. However, cathedrals are living buildings, which, over the centuries, have undergone building projects for the purposes of modification, reparation or conservation.
Relative techniques were developed earlier in the history of archaeology as a profession and are considered less trustworthy than absolute ones. There are several different methods. In stratigraphy , archaeologists assume that sites undergo stratification over time, leaving older layers beneath newer ones. Archaeologists use that assumption, called the law of superposition, to help determine a relative chronology for the site itself. Then, they use contextual clues and absolute dating techniques to help point to the age of the artifacts found in each layer.